Valley of Flowers or Phoolon Ki Ghati is located in Chamoli district in the state of Uttarakhand, India. The Valley of Flowers located in the Western Himalayas is known as a natural and beautiful national park. Equipped with alpine flowers and grasslands, this natural place is nothing less than a paradise for nature lovers and photography enthusiasts. Flowers of hundreds of species and colors are found in the Valley of Flowers. Every year hundreds of tourists visit this tourist destination in Uttarakhand. This is the secret of the popularity of the Valley of Flowers, which attracts tourists. The Valley of Flowers has also been included in the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in the year 2005. This National Park was initially known as Bhyundar Valley, but later in the year 1931, it was renamed as Valley of Flowers by the British climber Frank S. Smyth.
On the chance that you need to find out about beautiful flowers or need to learn more about flowers, at that point the remarkable location of Valley of Flowers might be a perfect place for you. Various kinds of flowers in various seasons in the Valley of Flowers make it more beautiful and also increases the magnificence of the Valley of Flowers. The snow-covered peaks of the Himalayas here offers a delightful scene in itself.
- Area – Garhwal Himalaya
- Trek Duration – 6 days (3 days travel/3 days trek)
- Trekking Grade – Moderate
- Altitude – 3500 m
- Trek Length – 38 km
History of Valley of Flowers
The outer world was less aware of the place due to its inaccessibility. In the year 1931, Frank S. Smyth, Eric Shipton, and R.L. Some British climbers, named Holdsworth, lost their way while returning from a successful expedition to Mount Camet and reached a valley that was full of flowers. He was attracted to the beauty of the region and named it the “Valley of Flowers” (Phoolon Ki Ghati). Later Frank Smyth also wrote a book under the same title. In the year 1939, a botanist appointed by the Royal Botanic Gardens KU, “John Margaret Liege” was sent there to study the flowers of this valley, but while collecting flowers from some rocky slopes on the way she slipped and died there. Went. Later his sister visited that valley and built a memorial there. Chandra Prakash Kala, a botany professor appointed by the Wildlife Institute, conducted an in-depth study from 1993 on the flowers of the valley and their conservation. The beauty of this valley is the same as it was before.
Interesting Facts About Valley of Flowers
- This valley is about 87.50 sq km. It is spread over an area of about 2 km. Wide and about 8 km long.
- This valley is a part of Nanda Devi National Park, situated at an altitude of about 3352 to 3658 meters above sea level.
- The year 1862 AD, Pushpawati Valley was discovered by Colonel Edmund Smyth.
- Frank S., a mountaineer lost in this valley in the year 1931. Smyth later wrote a popular book called “Valley of Flowers” about this valley.
- This valley was recognized as Indian National Park by the Government of India in the year 1982.
- In the year 1988, UNESCO had included it in the list of World Heritage Site keeping in mind the amazing beauty, clean environment of this valley.
- Indian Forest Research Institute has found around 600 plants with more than 600 Angiosperms species around this valley in the year 1992 and about 30 species of Pteridophytes have been identified.
- Colorful beautiful flowers of more than 300 species are found in this valley.
- Flowers predominantly found in this valley mainly include Germanium, Anemone, Geum, Marigold, Pribhula, Marsh, Potentilla, Tarak, Himalayan blue poppy, Bachnag, Lilium, Delphinium, Indula, Ranunculus, Corridalis, Saussurea, Includes Kampanula, Pedicularis, Impetinus, Bistorta, Morina, Ligularia, Anaphalis, Lobelia, Saxifraga, Thermopsis, Troulius, Aculegia, Codonopsis, Cypripedium, Dactylorhism, Strawberry, and Rhododendron, etc.
- In this valley from July 15 to August 15, flowers grow in abundance, which looks as if someone has made a rangoli there.
- The park is administered by Uttarakhand State Forest Department, Department of Environment and Ministry of Forests, India and is open only during summers from May to October, in addition to the rest of the year it remains heavily covered with snow.
- Flowers were surveyed and invented by the Wildlife Institute of India in the year 1992 and in 1997, and in 1997, the Wildlife Institute of India invented five new species of flowers for science.
- From the Valley of Flowers, 45 medicinal plants are used by the local villagers and Saussurea Obwalta (Brahmakamal), Nanda Devi, etc. along with the Sunanda Devi plant are used as religious offerings.
Trekking To Valley of Flowers
The trek to the Valley of Flowers goes through dense forests, alongside the Pushpawati River and can be reached by crossing several glaciers, waterfalls, and bridges along the way. Trekking is enjoyed at this place and hundreds of trekkers visit this Valley every year.
Best Time To Visit Valley of Flowers
The best time to visit the Valley of Flowers is considered from May to October. Because in the cold season there is a lot of snowfall in this area due to which the routes are closed.
How To Reach Valley of Flowers
You can choose between flight, train, and bus to visit the Valley of Flowers.
Valley of Flowers By Flight
Planning to visit the Valley of Flowers by an air route, then let us tell you that there is no direct connectivity to Flight for Valley of Flowers. The nearest airport to the Valley of Flowers is Jolly Grant which is located in Dehradun. The distance from Jolly Grant Airport to the Valley of Flowers is approximately 284 km.
Valley of Flowers By Train
Planning to visit the Valley of Flowers by a train, then let us tell you that there is no direct connectivity to the Valley of Flowers by rail route. The nearest railway station is Rishikesh which is about 272 km from the Valley of Flowers. Regular buses and taxis from Rishikesh to the
Valley of Flowers is easily available, which you can take as per your budget.
Valley of Flowers By Bus
Planning to visit the Valley of Flowers by road, then let us tell you that the Valley of Flowers is well connected to the surrounding cities by road. Therefore, you can easily reach the valley of flowers by bus. The nearest bus stand to the Valley of Flowers is Govindghat, which is located at a distance of 12 km from the Valley of Flowers.